ClarinetMike’s Texas All-State Clarinet Clinic: 2015-16 Soprano Clarinet Overview and Style
Etude Book: David Hite editor, Artistic Studies, Book 1 – From the French School, Published by Southern Music (For official TMEA listing, click HERE.)
Note: Cyrille Rose (1830-1902) was a very important clarinet teacher at the Paris Conservatory and 1st clarinetist with the Paris opera orchestra. Rose did not compose these etudes, but he adapted and enhanced etudes written for other instruments. He “clarinetized” them. Information on the original etudes and other editions of the etudes is available HERE.
Etude 1, Allegro vivace, Page: 25, Key: Bb Major, Etude Title: 40 Studies, No. 23, Play from beginning to end. Tempo: Dotted Quarter Note = 63-76 [learn in 6/perform in 2], Errata: m31 last B in measure is Bb.
Overview: There are 4 main issues in this etude: 6/8 and Counting, Tonguing (BTE), Key/Accidentals in Middle Section, Dynamics/Style
Composer and Style: This Rose etude is based on a violin etude by violinist/composer François Schubert (not related to the more famous Franz Schubert of “Unfinished Symphony” fame). Listen to violinists (below) and copy the style of articulation, etc. (When I was a student, one of my teachers told me, “If you really want to make music, listen to singers and string players.”)
Suggested Listening: Listen to François Schubert’s most famous work, The Bee, CLICK HERE. Also, listen to great violinists, such as Joshua Bell.
Etude 2, Adagio, Page: 76, Key: Db Major, Etude Title: 32 Etudes, No. 31, Play from beginning to end. Tempo: Eight Note = 88-108 [learn and perform in 8]. Errata: m6 high note is Db. m13 lowest note of turn is G natural.
Overview: This slow etude is loaded with operatic romantic phrasing. The etude breaks down into 4 Phrases with a Transition, Recap and Coda: P1 = m1-m6, P2 = m7-m14, P3 = m15-m22, P4 = m22-m30, Trans = m30-m32, Recap = m33-m34, Coda = m35 to end.
Composer and Style: This Rose etude is based on an etude by court oboist Franz Wilhelm Ferling (1796-1874). Ferling wrote this etude in the style of a Bel Canto Aria likely being influenced by Italian Opera.* This amazing slow etude is LOADED with opportunities for emotional musical expression. THINK OPERA! Recall that Rose himself was 1st clarinetist with the Paris opera orchestra. So, Opera, Opera, Opera! “Wear Your Heart on Your Sleeve” and make the judges cry!!
Etude 3, Allegro moderato, Page: 58, Key: D Minor, Etude Title: 32 Etudes, No. 12, Play from beginning to end. Tempo: Quarter Note = 88-108 [learn in 6/perform in 3]. Errata: m27 last two sixteenths should be slurred as others in measure.
Overview: This “Straight Ahead” etude has 3 main issues, Arpeggios, Tonguing (BTE), Dynamics/Style
Composer and Style: This Rose etude is based on an etude by court oboist Franz Wilhelm Ferling (1796-1874). Ferling was possibly influenced by the great violin virtuoso Paganini when he wrote this etude in the style of a Toccata.* The original Ferling etude was likely marked Allegretto risoluto. So be BOLD! and play like a virtuoso with romantic fire!
Suggested Listening: Listen to J.S. Bach’s Violin Works and his Toccatas and Fugues – also his Partitas. Check out this over-the-top version of Bach’s Toccata and Fugue in D Minor, CLICK HERE.