#3 Ligature and Reed Placement. Clarinet (and saxophone) sound is all about reed vibration. The more and better it vibrates, the better the sound. (In fact, embouchure’s purpose is to create a good place for the reed to vibrate -but that’s for another tip on another day….)
The placement of the ligature and the positioning of the reed are profoundly important in reed vibration. These are often overlooked by teachers, band directors, students, and even some professionals. Below is what works well for me and my students.*
Ligature. Put the ligature close to the window of the mouthpiece by clamping the reed at the top of the stock just below the cut in the bark below the shoulders. (Illustration of reed parts.) Also, depending on the style of ligature, be sure to put the ligature on the reed squarely with equal clamping on both sides of reed.
Reed. The reed should be almost to the tip of the mouthpiece with only a very, very small line of mouthpiece black visible above the reed. Also, line up the reed on the mouthpiece so that the tip and side rails of the reed are squarely on the tip rail and side rails of the mouthpiece. (Illustration of mouthpiece parts.)
Additionally, if a reed is a little soft, it can be “cheated,” i.e. moved up on the mouthpiece just a little. This makes the reed a little stronger; however, it is only a “quick fix” and should not be routinely done. Conversely, if a reed is hard, it can be moved down a little – but I don’t do this much.
*NOTE: Obviously, there’s a wide variety of possible mouthpiece, ligature and reed combinations – not to mention the personal tastes of a given musician. Therefore, experimentation with ligatures and reeds is encouraged. The BIG ISSUE is to make sure you, your students, etc. actually consider reed and ligature placement and not just “slap ’em on” haphazardly.
ClarinetMike says, “Take just a little extra time to carefully put on your ligature and reed. You will love the results!”