“Remembering Joseph Allard” Handout from ClarinetFest 2011

[Below is the handout from the terrific session on Joe Allard at last summer’s ClarinetFest 2011,  https://clarinetmike.wordpress.com/2011/08/10/clarinetfest-2011/ . Special thanks to Ed Joffe for kind permission to post it. Check out Dr. Joffee’s website later this summer, http://joffewoodwinds.com/.]

REMEMBERING JOSEPH ALLARD
(12/31/10—5/3/91)
By Dr. Edward Joffe

“Art has to have variety. Unless a tone has variety of color and variety in volume, unless vibrato has variety in pulse, you don’t have art.”
“When the effort is lost in the result, the latter is said to be artistic.”

STUDIES:   Gaston Hamelin (Clarinet, Boston Symphony)
Edmondo Allegra (Clarinet, Boston Symphony)
Augustin Duques (Clarinet, NBC Symphony)
Daniel Bonade (Clarinet, Philadelphia/Cleveland/NY Philharmonic)
Ralph McLane (Clarinet, Philadelphia Orchestra)
Lyle Bowen (Lead Saxophone Dorsey Brothers Bands)
Rudy Weidoeft (Saxophone Soloist/Recording Artist)
Chester Hazlett (Lead Saxophone, Paul Whiteman Orchestra)

WORK: Red Nichols (1931)
DuPont Cavalcade of America (1935-1957)
Red Norvo Orchestra (1936-1939)
Bell Telephone Hour (1940-1965)
WOR Radio Orchestra
Cities Service Band of America (1947-1957)
NBC Symphony Orchestra (1949-1954)
Voice of Firestone (1949-1956)
Symphony of the Air (1954-1963)

TEACHING: The Juilliard School (1956-1984)
Manhattan School of Music (1970-1987)
New England Conservatory of Music (1970-1987)
Mannes School of Music (1971-1976)

NOTABLE STUDENTS

Ray Beckenstein       Lawrence Feldman   Dave Liebman         Charles Russo
Bob Berg                    Dominick Ferra         Teo Macero              Willie Schwartz
Virgil Blackwell         Stan Getz                    James Meyer           Les Scott
Dan Block                  Roger Greenberg       Victor Morosco         David Smeyers
Gary Bovyer             Steve Grossman        John Moses               Dennis Smylie
Michael Brecker       Tom Haber                 Ron Odrich                Jack Snavely
Carmine Campione  Ken Hitchcock            Don Oehler                Joe Soldo
Lester Cantor           Brian Hysong             Harvey Pittel             Bob Steen
Harry Carney            Ed Joffe                       Bob Porcelli               Dave Tofani
John Cipolla               Billy Kerr                    Seldon Powell            Jonathan Tunick
Eddie Daniels             Lee Konitz                  Raoul Querze             Paul Winter
Eric Dolphy                Burl Lane                   Ken Radnofsky          John Bruce Yeh
Marty Ehrlich            Walt Levinsky           Roger Rosenberg      Pete Yellin


Joe Allard’s Concepts

Tone: Joe Allard believed that a tone should have the maximum resonance and with a variety of colors at any dynamic level. He sought a strong and equal balance of overtones in the tone. His teaching emphasized that the throat and mouth cavities should be free of any stress so that one’s ability to play any tone, at any dynamic level, at anytime would not be compromised. He favored mouthpieces that had small/medium tip openings, long facings along with medium-hard/hard reeds.

Breathing: Much of what Mr. Allard taught with relation to breathing was strongly connected to the principles expressed in yoga. He described the breathing process as a 3-step function: during inhalation, the ribs, thoracic cavity (lungs), and finally the lower abdominal muscles (in which the diaphragm is located) expand. The reverse occurs during exhalation.  He designed certain exercises to encourage the student’s awareness of the motions of these parts of the body. Virtually all that he said regarding the breathing process corroborated the teachings of Arnold Jacobs, the renowned brass performer/instructor from the Chicago Symphony.

Embouchure: His concept of embouchure was gleamed from his work with Gaston Hamlin (principal clarinet, Boston Symphony), Ralph McLane (principal clarinet, Philadelphia Orchestra) and Robert Bloom (renowned oboist). He believed that a single lip embouchure could afford all of the benefits of a double lip embouchure plus offer greater flexibility. Joe Allard wanted the lower lip to be positioned in such a way that it covered the entire circumference of the lower teeth so that one could feel the lower lip in between upper and lower teeth when chewing. The lower lip would be lightly stretched and not rigid, thereby allowing the lower teeth to “feel the reed” when playing. The zygomatic major muscle would be stretched lightly upwards from the corners of the mouth to the cheekbones. (This is the muscle that is activated when one smiles.) The upper lip would rest gently on top of the mouthpiece while moving towards the upper teeth and would not create any downward pressure. This would insure the least amount of pressure against the sides of the reed (allowing the reed to vibrate it’s entire length) and free the larynx to be responsive to the dictates of one’s musical imagination.

Tongue Position: Mr. Allard advocated that the tongue be positioned high and wide whether playing a legato or articulated passage. He suggested the use of the word “Dis-ney” in order to help achieve this position. (William Kincaid, the great former principal flute of the Philadelphia Orchestra, also made use of this ”Disney” effect.) The syllable “Dis” would allow the tongue to lightly touch the molars on each side of the upper teeth and keep the tongue from falling too far back in the throat. The syllable “Ney” would position the front of the tongue behind the upper teeth at the point where the gumline meets it, insuring a forward tongue placement that he called “forward (French) coning.” This high, wide tongue position would reshape the mouth cavity by creating a more compact space for the air to move and result in greater compression of the air as it would leave the mouth to enter the mouthpiece.

About ClarinetMike

American clarinetist MICHAEL DEAN performs and teaches internationally and across the USA to consistent praise such as "world-class clarinetist and pedagogue," "consummate performer," "inspirational," "outstanding teacher," "super," "brilliant performer," and "one of the best clinicians I have ever seen." His career is headlined by appearances at Carnegie Hall, ClarinetFest, NACWPI, Eastman School of Music, and Royal Northern College of Music with recent recitals and master classes in Italy, Spain, Kansas, Iowa, Missouri, Louisiana, and Texas. In July, he will return to Vipiteno, Italy as Clarinet Artist Faculty in Residence at Orfeo Music Festival 2017. He is featured on 5 commercial CD's and on New Media, such as YouTube. He is currently preparing another new clarinet CD, Postcards from Silver Lake. He's performed with the Southwest Symphony, Nevada Symphony, Abilene Philharmonic, Southeast Chamber Players, Red Mesa Trio, and Duo 35. He performed for 11 years with the Paducah Symphony. His articles appear in journals such as Southwestern Musician, WINDPLAYER, NACWPI Journal and The Bandmasters' Review. As "ClarinetMike," he writes for his widely-read ClarinetMike Blog, clarinetmike.wordpress.com-viewed in 150 countries on 6 continents. He was recently a tenured Associate Professor of Clarinet for 11 years at Southeast Missouri State University. He returned to his native Texas in 2012 due to family concerns. He is a past president and former National Board officer of the National Association of College Wind and Percussion Instructors (NACWPI). Dr. Michael Dean studied clarinet performance at Texas Tech University, University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Texas at Austin and University of Texas at Arlington. His teachers include Robert Walzel, Phil Aaholm, Carol Jessup, Jess Youngblood, Bob Ackerman, and Pam Youngblood. His web page, clarinetmike.com, features video of his teaching and performing as well as information on his CD's and other publications. He is a BG France Performing Artist.
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2 Responses to “Remembering Joseph Allard” Handout from ClarinetFest 2011

  1. Pingback: YouTube Videos: Harvey Pittel Presents the Saxophone Teachings of the Master, Joe Allard | ClarinetMike Blog

  2. Pingback: Updated Joe Allard Handout Available | ClarinetMike Blog

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